There is no thumb rule when it comes to choosing ceiling lights.
There are traditional fixtures such as pendants, there are conventional holders or fixtures where one could snugly fit in standard bulbs or one can opt for designer light emitting diode strips. There are recessed lights and of course chandeliers. There are numerous contemporary designs too that do not really fall into any well defined category. One can easily refer to these as abstract ceiling lights, for their shape or form, size and aesthetics, primary and secondary utilities can be quite different from usual fixtures. Regardless of which type of ceiling lights appeals to a homeowner, there are some quintessential attributes that should never be compromised upon.
The first such attribute is the energy rating. Lights are usually purchased based on their wattage.
Subtle lighting can do with the least wattage. Spotlights or focus lights are usually brighter and naturally require more power. The wattage is obviously important but energy rating involves more elements. The materials used to make the bulb, the technology of lighting and the holder, encasement or socket; everything will have to be factored in. Light emitting diode is obviously better than incandescent bulbs. Lower the wattage, more environment-friendly and cost effective it is. Ideally, all the external materials of ceiling lights should be manufactured with the least carbon footprint.
Ceiling lights should have anti dust coating or they should be made of materials that are very easy to clean.
Recessed lights usually have a glass cap. One simple swipe with a piece of clean cloth and the glass can be cleaned. The best recessed lights will have premium cases and those will be very easy to maintain. There would be no smudges, no scars or dust buildup. Pendant lights, shades and every other type of ceiling lights should be easy to clean. The splendour should not be lost in a few months.
Ceiling lights should be lightweight and safe. Recessed lights should not get heated up and they should not pose any risk, to the housing or to the insulation.
Poor quality recessed ceiling lights are a fire hazard. Recessed lights are usually very lightweight but some pendant lights or chandeliers in particular can be heavy. Hooking up these lights with joists is often the only option but such access may not be possible always. One must bear in mind such requisites and if they can be met.